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News on Human Progress:
...Displaying 26 through 50 of 20,257 news
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(University of Sydney) Physicists from the University of Sydney, Australia, have devised a way to use diamonds to identify cancerous tumours before they become life threatening. Their findings, published today in Nature Communications, reveal how a nanoscale, synthetic version of the precious gem can light up early-stage cancers in non-toxic, non-invasive Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scans.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on October 10 2015 by Thoughtbot
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(Kobe University) Every year Kobe University Brussels European Centre holds a symposium aiming to introduce the latest research results and applications in natural and social sciences from Japanese universities and partner institutions in Europe. The annual symposia have been an important occasion for researchers and policy makers to envisage future collaboration for the benefit of society at large.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on October 10 2015 by Thoughtbot
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(University of Basel) Researchers at the University of Basel have succeeded in building protein gates for artificial nano-vesicles that become transparent only under specific conditions. The gate responds to certain pH values, triggering a reaction and releasing active agents at the desired location. This is demonstrated in a study published in the journal Nano Letters.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on October 10 2015 by Thoughtbot
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At the Gartner Symposium/ITxpo today (Oct. 8), Gartner, Inc. highlighted the top 10 technology trends that will be strategic for most organizations in 2016 and will shape digital business opportunities through 2020. The Device Mesh The device mesh refers to how people access applications and information or interact with people, social communities, governments and businesses. It includes mobile
KurzweilAI news made popular on October 09 2015 by Thoughtbot
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The Blue Brain Project, the simulation core of the European Human Brain Project, released today (Oct. 8) a draft digital reconstruction of the neocortical microcircuitry of the rat brain. The international team, led by Henry Markram of École Polytechnique Fédérale De Lausanne (EPFL) and funded in part by the Swiss government, completed a first-draft computer reconstruction
KurzweilAI news made popular on October 09 2015 by Thoughtbot
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(National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)) A research team has created the exotic ring-shaped magnetic effects called skyrmions under ambient room conditions for the first time. The achievement brings skyrmions a step closer to use in real-world data storage as well as other novel magnetic and electronic technologies.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on October 09 2015 by Thoughtbot
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(University of California - Davis) An exotic, swirling object with the sci-fi name of a 'magnetic skyrmion' could be the future of nanoelectronics and memory storage. Physicists at UC Davis and the National Institute of Standards and Technology have now succeeded in making magnetic skyrmions, formerly found at temperatures close to absolute zero, at room temperature.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on October 09 2015 by Thoughtbot
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(Lund University) For nearly nine years, researchers at Lund University have been working on developing implantable electrodes that can capture signals from single neurons in the brain over a long period of time -- without causing brain tissue damage. They are now one big step closer to reaching this goal, and the results are published in the scientific journal Frontiers in Neuroscience.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on October 09 2015 by Thoughtbot
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(Technical University of Munich (TUM)) While the cleaning of car exhausts is among the best known applications of catalytic processes, it is only the tip of the iceberg. Practically the entire chemical industry relies on catalytic reactions. Therefore, catalyst design plays a key role in improving these processes. An international team of scientists has now developed a concept, that elegantly correlates geometric and adsorption properties. They va... More
Eurekalert.org news made popular on October 09 2015 by Thoughtbot
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Deep (slow-wave*) sleep, which helps retain memories in the brain, may also strengthen immunological memories of encountered pathogens, German and Dutch neuroscientists propose in an Opinion article published September 29 in Trends in Neurosciences. The immune system "remembers" an encounter with a bacteria or virus by collecting fragments from the microbe to create memory T cells,
KurzweilAI news made popular on October 08 2015 by Thoughtbot
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Penn State researchers have developed a new lab-on-a-chip cell sorting device based on acoustic waves that is capable of the kind of high sorting throughput necessary to compete with commercial fluorescence activated cell sorters, described in the cover story in the current issue of the British journal Lab on a Chip. Commercial fluorescence activated cell sorters
KurzweilAI news made popular on October 08 2015 by Thoughtbot
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An international team of scientists has developed a nanomachine using synthetic DNA for rapid, sensitive, low-cost diagnosis of infectious and auto-immune diseases, including HIV, at the point of care. It aims to replace the current slow, cumbersome, and expensive current process of detecting the protein antibodies used for diagnosis. An antibody causes a structural change
KurzweilAI news made popular on October 08 2015 by Thoughtbot
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A study led by UCLA scientists has found that smaller silver nanoparticles entered fish’s bodies more deeply and persisted longer than larger silver nanoparticles or fluid silver nitrate. More than 2,000 consumer products today contain nanoparticles — particles so small that they are measured in billionths of a meter. Manufacturers use nanoparticles to help sunscreen
KurzweilAI news made popular on October 08 2015 by Thoughtbot
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(SPIE--International Society for Optics and Photonics) Researchers at the University of Arizona in Tucson have developed a prototype of a new microscope technology that could help surgeons work with a greater degree of accuracy in diagnosing cancer or performing brain surgery or other procedures. The new technology, call augmented microscopy, is reported today in the Journal of Biomedical Optics, published by SPIE, the international society for op... More
Eurekalert.org news made popular on October 08 2015 by Thoughtbot
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(Technical University of Denmark) As things stand, a suspected contamination of drinking water requires that a technician first be sent out to take samples from the water supply. The samples are then cultured and analysed in the laboratory. Only after several days does it become clear whether the water is contaminated and which bacterium is the offender.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on October 08 2015 by Thoughtbot
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(University of Delaware) Dion Vlachos, who directs the Catalysis Center for Energy Innovation at the University of Delaware, uses computational techniques to predict how nanoscale materials will behave and recently made a surprising discovery about the structure of bimetallic catalysts. An imperfect surface may produce a better catalyst.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on October 08 2015 by Thoughtbot
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DARPA announced Monday (Oct. 5, 2016) that it has selected seven teams of researchers to begin work on a radical new approach to healing called Electrical Prescriptions (ElectRx). It would involve a system that stimulates peripheral nerves to modulate functions in the brain, spinal cord, and internal organs, according to program manager Doug Weber. DARPA envisions
KurzweilAI news made popular on October 07 2015 by Thoughtbot
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(American Institute of Physics) A group of researchers in Japan is exploring the behavior of a certain type of SET (single-electron transistor) made from two quantum dots, which are bits of material so small they start to exhibit quantum properties. The group has produced a detailed analysis of the electrical characteristics of the so-called double-quantum-dot SETs, which could help researchers design better devices to manipulate single electrons.... More
Eurekalert.org news made popular on October 07 2015 by Thoughtbot
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(Houston Methodist) A collaborative research team led by scientists at Houston Methodist is one step closer to developing technologies that could help mend broken bones faster. The Department of Defense awarded close to $6 million to the Houston Methodist Research Institute for an initiative aimed at studying two new materials to repair complex fractures in long bones.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on October 07 2015 by Thoughtbot
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(University of Montreal) An international team of researchers have designed and synthesized a nanometer-scale DNA 'machine' whose customized modifications enable it to recognize a specific target antibody.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on October 07 2015 by Thoughtbot
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Fusion reactors could become an economically viable means of generating electricity within a few decades, replacing conventional nuclear power stations, according to new research at Durham University and Culham Centre for Fusion Energy in Oxfordshire, U.K. The research, published in the journal Fusion Engineering and Design, builds on earlier findings that a fusion power plant could
KurzweilAI news made popular on October 06 2015 by Thoughtbot
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University of New South Wales (UNSW) and Keio University engineers have built the first quantum logic gate in silicon, making calculations between two qubits* of information possible and clearing the final hurdle to making silicon quantum computers a reality. The significant advance appears today (Oct. 5, 2015) in the journal Nature. “What we have is a
KurzweilAI news made popular on October 06 2015 by Thoughtbot
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How does the brain determine which direction its thoughts travel? Looking for the mechanisms behind cognitive control of thought, researchers at the University of Pennsylvania, University of California, Riverside and Santa Barbara and United States Army Research Laboratory have used brain scans to shed new light on this question. By using structural imaging techniques to
KurzweilAI news made popular on October 06 2015 by Thoughtbot
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(University of Bristol) A model microscopic system to demonstrate the transmission of torque in the presence of thermal fluctuations -- necessary for the creation of a tiny 'clutch' operating at the nanoscale -- has been assembled at the University of Bristol as part of an international collaboration.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on October 06 2015 by Thoughtbot
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(University of New South Wales) A team of Australian engineers has built a quantum logic gate in silicon for the first time, making calculations between two qubits of information possible -- and thereby clearing the final hurdle to making silicon quantum computers a reality.
Eurekalert.org news made popular on October 06 2015 by Thoughtbot
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