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Northwestern Medicine researchers have discovered that using high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) to indirectly stimulate the hippocampus portion of the brain (which is involved in forming memories) improves long-term memory. The discovery opens up interesting new possibilities for treating memory impairments caused by conditions such as stroke, early-stage Alzheimer's disease, traumatic brain injury, and
KurzweilAI news made popular 2 days ago by Thoughtbot
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Humanoid robots could help autistic children practice imitation behavior, according to USC Viterbi School of Engineering researchers, based on a new study. They examined how children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) react to humanoid robots that provide "graded cueing" — an occupational therapy technique that shapes behavior by providing increasingly specific cues, or prompts, to
KurzweilAI news made popular 2 days ago by Thoughtbot
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(Monash University) By turning instead to copper, both abundant and cheap, researchers at Monash University and the Melbourne Centre for Nanofabrication have developed a way of making flexible conductors cost-effective enough for commercial application.
Eurekalert.org news made popular 2 days ago by Thoughtbot
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(University of Copenhagen - Niels Bohr Institute) One of the most promising technologies for future quantum circuits are photonic circuits, i.e. circuits based on light (photons) instead of electrons (electronic circuits). First, it is necessary to create a stream of single photons and control their direction. Researchers around the world have made all sorts of attempts to achieve this, but now scientists at the Niels Bohr Institute have succeeded... More
Eurekalert.org news made popular 2 days ago by Thoughtbot
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A research team has developed a device that could be used to detect the extremely rare tumor cells that circulate in cancer patients’ blood, helping doctors predict whether a tumor is going to spread. Developed by researchers from MIT, Pennsylvania State University, and Carnegie Mellon University, the dime-sized device separates out tumor cells from white
KurzweilAI news made popular 3 days ago by Thoughtbot
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The research group of Arun K. Sharma*, PhD has developed a system for patients with urinary bladder dysfunction that may protect them against an inflammatory reaction** resulting from tissue regeneration, which can negatively impact tissue growth, development and function. The researchers treated a highly pro-inflammatory biologic scaffold with anti-inflammatory peptide amphiphiles (AIF-PAs). (Self-assembling peptide amphiphiles, or
KurzweilAI news made popular 3 days ago by Thoughtbot
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DARPA has created the Atoms to Product (A2P) program to develop enhanced technologies for assembling atomic-scale components and integrate them into materials and systems from nanoscale up to product scale — in ways that preserve and exploit distinctive nanoscale properties. The new program also seeks to develop revolutionary miniaturization and assembly methods that would work
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(ETH Zurich) ETH researchers have realized a long-held dream: inspired by an industrial assembly line, they have developed a nanoscale production line for the assembly of biological molecules.
Eurekalert.org news made popular 3 days ago by Thoughtbot
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(Purdue University) A new research platform uses a laser to measure the 'nanomechanical' properties of tiny structures undergoing stress and heating, an approach likely to yield insights to improve designs for microelectronics and batteries.
Eurekalert.org news made popular 3 days ago by Thoughtbot
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(Johannes Gutenberg Universitaet Mainz) Recently, the research group of Professor Jairo Sinova from the Institute of Physics at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz in collaboration with researchers from the UK, Prague, and Japan, has for the first time realised a new, efficient spin-charge converter based on the common semiconductor material GaAs. These results have recently been published in the journal Nature Materials.
Eurekalert.org news made popular 3 days ago by Thoughtbot
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Computational biologists at Baylor College of Medicine and analytics experts at IBM research are developing a powerful new tool called the Knowledge Integration Toolkit (KnIT) that promises to help research scientists deal with the more than 50 million scientific papers available in public databases — with a new one publishing nearly every 30 seconds. The
KurzweilAI news made popular 4 days ago by Thoughtbot
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(Institute for Basic Science) Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the second leading cause of cancer-associated death worldwide. The collaboration between the Institute of Basic Science/Seoul National University and National Cancer Center Singapore represents an auspicious therapeutic approach about HCC.
Eurekalert.org news made popular 4 days ago by Thoughtbot
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(Technical University of Denmark) One of nature's mysteries is how plants survive impact by the huge amounts of energy contained in the sun's rays, while using this energy for photosynthesis. The hypothesis is that the light-absorbing proteins in the plant's blades quickly dissipate the energy throughout the entire protein molecule through so-called protein quakes. Researchers at DTU Physics have now managed to successfully 'film' this process.
Eurekalert.org news made popular 4 days ago by Thoughtbot
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(Florida State University) Exciting new work by a Florida State University research team has led to a novel molecular system that can take your temperature, emit white light, and convert photon energy directly to mechanical motions.
Eurekalert.org news made popular 4 days ago by Thoughtbot
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Robo Brain is currently downloading and processing about 1 billion images, 120,000 YouTube videos, and 100 million how-to documents and appliance manuals, all being translated and stored in a robot-friendly format. The reason: to serve as helpers in our homes, offices and factories, robots will need to understand how the world works and how the
KurzweilAI news made popular 5 days ago by Thoughtbot
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Michigan State University researchers have developed a new type of solar concentrator that when placed over a window creates solar energy while allowing people to see through the window. It is called a transparent luminescent solar concentrator (TLSC) and can be used on buildings, cell phones, and any other device that has a clear surface.
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Scientists have for the first time grown a complex, fully functional organ from scratch in a living animal by transplanting cells that were originally created in a laboratory to form a replacement thymus*, a vital organ of the immune system. The advance could in the future aid the development of "lab-grown" replacement organs. Researchers from the
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Children and adolescents with autism have a surplus of synapses in the brain, and this excess is due to a slowdown in a normal brain “pruning” process during development, according to a study by neuroscientists at Columbia University Medical Center (CUMC). Because synapses are the points where neurons connect and communicate with each other, the
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Stanford bioengineers have hacked the DNA of yeast, reprograming these simple cells to make opioid-based medicines* via a sophisticated extension of the basic brewing process that makes beer. Led by Associate Professor of Bioengineering Christina Smolke, the Stanford team has already spent a decade genetically engineering yeast cells to reproduce the biochemistry of poppies, with
KurzweilAI news made popular 5 days ago by Thoughtbot
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(People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals) People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals and the PETA International Science Consortium, LTD scientists will be in Prague this week at the 9th World Congress on Alternatives and Animal Use in the Life Sciences presenting original research on alternatives to the use of animals in research, testing and medical training, as well as studies identifying problems with current laboratory oversight systems.
Eurekalert.org news made popular 5 days ago by Thoughtbot
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(University of Illinois College of Engineering) By combining plasmonics and optical microresonators, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have created a new optical amplifier (or laser) design, paving the way for power-on-a-chip applications.
Eurekalert.org news made popular 5 days ago by Thoughtbot
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(DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) Berkeley Lab reports the first experimental observation of ultrafast charge transfer in photo-excited MX2 materials, the graphene-like two-dimensional semiconductors. Charge transfer time clocked in at under 50 femtoseconds, comparable to the fastest times recorded for organic photovoltaics.
Eurekalert.org news made popular 5 days ago by Thoughtbot
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(University of Washington) The University of Washington researchers have demonstrated that two single-layer semiconductor materials can be connected in an atomically seamless fashion known as a heterojunction. This result could be the basis for next-generation flexible and transparent computing, better light-emitting diodes, or LEDs, and solar technologies.
Eurekalert.org news made popular 5 days ago by Thoughtbot
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The National Science Foundation (NSF) has announced two $10 million projects, called "Chameleon" and "CloudLab," to create cloud-computing testbeds to help the academic research community develop and experiment with novel cloud architectures and applications. The NSF is especially interested in real-time, safety-critical applications like those used in medical devices, power grids, and transportation systems. Chameleon
KurzweilAI news made popular 6 days ago by Thoughtbot
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You've been prevented from accessing your smart phone, computer, tablet, and TV for five days. Do you (A) totally freak out and go into withdrawal or (B) deal with it and regain some of your lost social skills, like reading emotions? UCLA scientists found that sixth-graders who went five days without even glancing at a
KurzweilAI news made popular 6 days ago by Thoughtbot
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